Ingredients

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A. Drugs of Plant Origin

Unani Names English Names Scientific Names Actions
1. Amba Haldi Mango Ginger Curcuma amada Bruises, Sprains, Wounds
2. Aamla Emblic Myrobalan Emblica officinalis Astringent, Refrigerant
3. Aaqarqarha Pellitory, Pyrethrum Root Anacyclus pyrethrum Cough, Dysurea, Epilepsy, Sexual debility, Nervous debility etc., Used for salivation, Mild Anesthetic
4. Abhal (Aarar) Juniper Berries, Mountain Cyperus Juniperus communic Nervine Tonic, Antipyretic
5. Adas (Masoor) Lentil Lens esculenta Moench  
6. Adrak Ginger Zingiber officinale Digestive, Carminative, Expectorants
7. Afsanteen Worm Wood, Southern Wood Artemisia absinthium Hepatitis, Indigestion, Jaundice, Hepatic disorders, Appetizer, Malaria etc., Antipyretic, Antiseptic, Appetizer
8. Aftimoon Dodder or Cuscuta Cuscuta epithymum  
9. Amaltas Indian Lebernum, Drum, Stick Plant, Golder Shower, Purging Cassia Cassia fistula Anti-inflammatory, Purgative
10. Anar Pomegranate Punica granatum  
11. Anba (Aam) Mango Mangifera indica Astringent,, Antipyretic, Refrigerant
12. Angoor Grape Vitis vinifera Haemetinic
13. Anjeer, Anjra
      (Khushk Dashti)
Dried Fig Ficus carica Blood Purifier, Purgative detergent
14. Anjabar Bistort, Adderwort, Snake Weed Polygonum bistorta  
15. Anisoon Anise, Aniseed Pimpinella anisum Carminative, Digesting, Analgesi
16. Aqaqia
       (Kikar, Babul, Mughilan)
Acacia Acacia arabica Diabetes mellitus, Gonorrhea, Leucorrhoea, Sexual debility, Catarrh, Cough etc.
17. Asaroon Asarbacca, Hazelwort Asarum europaeum Demulcent, Sedatives
18. Aspaghol Ispaghul, Spogel Seeds Plantago ovata Nervine Tonic, Anti-inflammatory
19. Asl-us-Soos Liqourice Glycyrrhiza glabra Antisecretary, Antacids, Demulcent, Mucolytic
20. Atees Monk's Hood, Aconite Aconitum heterophyllum Convalescence, Cough, Diarrhoea, Dysentery, General Debility etc
21. Azaraqi (Kuchla) Nux Vomica Strychnos nux-vomica Nervine Tonic, Stimulant
22. Babchi Babachi Seeds (Psoralia) Psoralia corylifolia Blood Purifier, Stimulant
23. Badam (Shireen-o-Talkh) Almond Prunus amygdalus Brain Tonic, Laxative, Detergent, Mucolytic,
Anti-inflammatory,
24. Badiyan (Saunf) Fennel Foeniculum vulgare Anti-inflammatory, Carminative, Diuretic
25. Baharangi (Bharangi) Glory Tree, Blue Flower, Beetle Killer Clerodendrum serratum  
26. Bakayin Persian Lilac, Bead Tree Melia azedarach Antispasmodic, Stimulant
27. Balela (Bahera) Beleric Myrobalan Terminalia bellirica Absorbient & expellant, Brain Tonic
28. Baloot Acorn, Chestnut Tree, Oak I.    Aesculus hippocastanum
II.   Quercus incana
III.  Quercus infectoria Olivier
Astringent, Absorbent
29. Banafsha Sweet Violet Viola odorata Demulcent, Diaphoretic, Laxative
30. Baobarang (Babrang) Embelia Embelia ribes Burm Vermecidal, Bilogogue
31. Batrang Plantain Tree I.   Plantago lanceolata
II.  Plantago major
Analgesic
32. Bazr-ul-Banj
      (Khorasani Ajwayin)
Henbane Hyoscymus niger Anesthetic
33. Beesh
      (Mitha Zahar, Atees)
Aconite, Monk's Hood I.   Aconitum napellus
II.  Aconitum heterophyllum Wall
Ittitative, Local Anesthetic, Analgenic
34. Behidana (Behi) Quince Cydonia oblonga Demulcent, Antitussive, Anticatarrhal, Anti-tuberculosis, Antipyretic
35. Behman Safaid White Behen Centaurea behen Cardio tonic, Aphrodisiac
36. Behman Surkh Red Behen (Sage) Salvia haematodes Cardio tonic, Aphrodisiac
37. Behroza
      (Biroza, Gandah Birozah)
Pine Pinus longifolia Disinfections, Absorbent for ulcers
38. Biranj Sathi (Chawal) Rice (Var. Sathi) Oryza sativa  
39. Bisbasa (Javetri) Mace Myristica fragrans Carminative, Exhilarant, Aphrodisiac, Melanagogal & phlegmegogue
40. Bisfayej Common Polypody Polypodium vulgare  
41. Brahmdandi   I.  Lamprachaenium micro-
    cephalum
II. Tricholepis angustifolia
Blood purifier, Antipyretic, Bilogogue
42. Buzidan
      (Saleb, Khus-yat-us-Saleb)
Saleb (Orchid) I.   Orchis latifolia
II.  Orchis laxiflora
III. Orchis mascula
Anti-inflammatory
43. Chaksu   Cassia absus Anti-inflammatory, Detergent
44. Chameli
      (Yasmeen, Yasmaan)
Jasmine Jasminum grandiflorum Exillerent, Flavourinfagent
45. Chilghoza Edible Pine Pinus gerardiana Nutrient, Aphrodisiac
46. Chiraita Chirata (Indian Gentian) Swertia chirata Buch-Ham Blood Purifier, Anthelmintic, Antipyretic, Laxative, Galactagogue
47. Chobchini China Root Smilax china Blood purifier, Anti-inflammatory, Absorbent for ulcer
48. Damm-ul-Akhwain Dragon's Blood Dracaena cinnabari Absorbent, Astringent
49. Darchini Cinnamon Cinnamomum zeylanicum Blume Cardio tonic, Carminative, Antiseptic, Mucolytic
50. Dhamaya (Dhamasa)   Fagonia cretica  
51. Dirmana Turki Sontonica (Worm-seed) Artemisia maritima Anthelmintic, Vermicidal
52. Filfil Daraz, Filfil Moya Long Pepper Piper longum Mucolytic, Appetizer, Carminative
53. Filfil (Safaid/Siyah) Pepper (Black & White) Piper nigrum Digestent, Carminative, Antidote, Nervice Tonic
54. Funduq Hazel Nut Corylus avellana Brain Tonic, Nervice Tonic, Anabolic
55. Gandana Shallot I.   Allium ascalonicum
II.  Asphodelus tenuifolius
Astringent, Anti-inflammatory, Analgeric, Lithotriptic, Antipyretic
56. Gaozaban Cow's Tongue Plant, Borage Borago officinalis and other species of Boraginaceae Toxic, diuretic, Astringent, demulcent, General Tonic, Aphrodisie
57. Gazar (Gajar) Carrot Baucus carota sativa Expectorant, Diuretic, Litho tropic
58. Ghafis (Gul-e-Ghafis) Persian Gentian Gentiana olivieri Anti-inflammatory, Diphoretic, Blood purifier
59. Ghariqoon Agaricus (Mashroom) Agaricus alba  
60. Gheekawar Aloe plant Aloe barbadenis Arthritis, Asthma, UTI, Immunity, Hyperlipdermia, Arteriosderosis etc.
61. Gilo Moon Creeper, Bile Killer Tinospora cordifolia (Willd.) Miers Blood purifier, Antipyretic
62. Gulnar (Gulnar Farsi) Pomegranate (Male variety) Punica granatum  
63. Gul-e-Surkh (Ward, Gulab) Rose Rosa damascena Laxative, Exilerent, Anti-inflammatory,
64. Gular Cluster Fig Ficus racemosa Antidierrhoeal
65. Gurmar Buti Small Indian Ipecac I.   Gymnema sylvestre
II.  Cephael's ipecacuanha (Brot.)
 
66. Habb-ul-Neel (Kaladana) Indigo, Pharbitis Nil I.   Indigofera tinctoria
II.  Ipomoea hedracea
Anthelmintic
67. Habb-ul-Qilt (Kulthi) Horse Gram Dolichos bilflorus  
68. Habb-ul-Rashaad
  (Tukhm-e-Taratezak, Haloon)
Garden Cress, Rocket Plant Lepidium sativum  
69. Habb-us-Salateen Croton Croton tiglium  
70. Halela (Siyah, Zard Kabuli) Chebulic Myrobalan
(Black, yellow,  brown)
Terminalia chebula  
71. Hanzal Colocynth Citrullus colocynthis  
72. Heel Kalan Greater Cardamom, Wild Cardamom Amomum subulatum Hyperacidity, Collie, Abdominal distention etc.
73. Heel Khurd Lesser Cardamom Elettaria cardamomum Maton  
74. Hilteet (Hing) Asafoetida Ferula foetida Regel  
75. Hina Henna Lawsonia inermis  
76. Hulba (Methi) Fenugreek Trigonella foenum-graecum  
77. Hummaz Sorrel Rumex vesicarius  
78. Inderjao Shireen Dyer's Oleander, Blue Dying Roseberry Wrightia tinctoria  
79. Inderjao Talkh Conesse Bark tree Holarrhena antidysenterica  
80. Ispand Wild Rue Peganum harmala  
81. Izkhar Lemon Grass I.   Cymbopogon jwarancusa
II.  Sun. Andropogon jwarancusa Jones,
 
82. Jadwar Delphinium Delphinium denudatum  
83. Jamun Black Plum Syzygium cumini Skeels  
84. Jao Barley Hordeum vulgare  
85. Jauzbuwa Nutmeg Myristica fragrans  
86. Kababchini (Kankol) Cubeb Piper cubeba  
87. Kachnal (Kachnar) Mountain Ebony Bauhinia racemosa  
88. Kaddu Pumpkin, Musk Melon Cucurbita moschata  
89. Kafoor Camphor Cinnamomum camphora Nees  
90. Kahruba Ambar Pinus succinifera  
91. Kahu Lettuce Lactuca sative  
92. Kaknaj White Cherry, Night Shade Physalis alkekengi  
93. Kakronda   Blumea balsamifera  
94. Kalonji (Kamazarius) Small Fennel Nigella sativa  
95. Karafs Celery Apium graveolens UTI, Digestive, Hepatic disorders, Anxiety, Arthritis etc.
96. Karanj Indian Beach Physic Pongamia pinnata  
97. Karanjwa Physic Nut, Mulacca Bean, Nicker Nuts Caesalpinia bonducella  
98. Kasni Chicory Cichorium intybus  
99. Katan Lin Seed Linum usitatissimum  
100. Kateera (Katira) Gum Tragacanth, Tragacanth Cochlospermum religiosum Alston  
101. Kath Safaid White Catechu Acacia leucophloea  
102. Kela (Mouz) Banana Musa paradisiaca  
103. Kharbuza Sweet Melon Cucumis melo  
104. Khardal (Rai) Black Mustard Brassica nigra Hook  
105. Kharnob-e-Shami Carob Tree, Locust Tree Ceratonia siliqua  
106. Khashkhassh
         (Safaid/Siyah)
Poppy seeds Papaver somniferum  
107. Khatmi Marsh Mallow, Holly Hock Althaea officinals Asthma, Bronchitis, Common cold, Obesity etc.
108. Khiyar (Khira) Cucumber Cucumis sativus  
109. Khubbazi Common Mallow Malva sylvestris  
110. Khulanjan Galangal, Greater Galangal, Siamese Ginger Alpinia galanga Common cold, Sexual debility, Gastric troubles etc.
111. Khufra Purslane Portulaca oleracea  
112. Khurma (Khajoor) Dates Phoenix dactylifera  
113. Kishniz Coriander Coriandrum sativum  
114. Koknar Opium Papaver somniferum  
115. Kundur Olibanum Boswellia serrata Arthritis, Asthma, Bronchitis, High LDL Cholesterol level, Myositis
116. Kunjad (Siyah/Safaid),
         (Till)
Sesame, Gingelly Sesamum indicum  
117. Kutki   Picrorhiza kurroa Royle  
118. Leemu Lemon, Lime Citrus aurantifolia Swingle  
119. Lodh Pathani Lodh Tree, Lodh Symplocos racemosus  
120. Madar (Aak) Madar Tree Calotropis gigantea  
121. Maror Phali Indian Screw Tree Helicteres isora  
122. Mastagi Mastich Pistacia lentiscus  
123. Mayeen Kalan Tamarix Galls (Large) Tamarix gallica  
124. Mughas (Maida Lakdi) Wild Pomegranate I.   Litsea chinesis
II.  Litsea sebifera
 
125. Muqil Bdellium Commiphora mukul  
126. Mur Makki Myrrh Commiphora myrrha  
127. Musli Safaid White Musale Chlorophytum arundina-ceum Baker  
128. Musli Siyah Black Musale Curculigo orchioides  
129. Nana (Pudina) The Marsh Mint Weed Mentha arvensis  
130. Nankhwah (Ajwayin) Ajowa seed, Bishop's Weed Ptychotis ajowan  
131. Narjeel (Naryal) Coconut Tree Cocos nucifera  
132. Narmushk (Nagkesar) Iron Wood Tree Mesua ferrea  
133. Neel Kanthi
         (Pashanbheda)
Indian Gentian Gentiana Kurroo Royle  
134. Neem Margosa Tree Azadirachta indica Blood purifier, Antiseptic, Antibacterial etc.
135. Nilofar Water Lily I.   Nymphaea alba
II.  Nymphaea lotus
 
136. Nishasta-e-Gandum Wheat Starch Triticum aestivum  
137. Ood-e-Balsan Balsam Wood Commiphora opobalsamum  
138. Ood-e-Hindi (Agar) Eagle Wood, aloe Wood Aquilaria agallocha General Debility, Rheumatism, Asthma, Hypertension
139. Palaspapra (Dhak) Bengal Kino Tree, Flame of the forest Kuntze  
140. Pambadana
         (Habb-ul-Qutn)
Cotton Plant Gossypium herbaceum  
141. Panwar Sickle Senna Cassia tora  
142. Peepal Chab Pepper Chaba Piper chaba Hunter  
143. Piyaz Onion Allium cepa Angina pectoris, Sexual debility, Common cold, Hypertension
144. Qaranful (Laung) Clove Syzygium aromaticum  
145. Qimbeel (Kamila) Indian Kamila Mallotus philippensis  
146. Qirfa (Taj) Casia, Chinese Cinnamon Cinnamomum cassia Blume  
147. Qurtum Safflower, Bastard Saffron Carthamus tinctorius  
148. Qust Costus Saussurea lappa C.B. Clarke  
149. Qust Tulkh Costus Costus speciosus  
150. Raal White Damar, Indian Copal Tree Vateria indica  
151. Rasaut Indian Barberry Berberis aristata Anemia, Leucorrhoea, Menorrhegia, Vit. C deficiency etc.
152. Ratanjot   Onosma echiodes  
153. Rewand Chini Rhubard, Rheum I.   Rheum Officianale Baillon
II.  Rheum palmatum
III. Rheum emodi
 
154. Rubb-us-Soos Liquorice, Sweet Wood Glycyrrhiza glarba  
155. Rufi Nut Grass Cyperus rotundus  
156. Sakbeenaj Sagapunum Ferula persica  
157. Salab Misri
        (Khusyat-us-Salab)
Salep Orchis latifolia  
158. Saleekha (Taj) Cinnamon Cinnamomum cassia Blume  
159. Samagh-e-Arabi (Babool) Gum Acacia Acacia arabica Diabetes mellitus, Sexual debility, Catarrh, Cough, Diarrhoea etc.
160. Samagh-e-Dhak (Palas) Bengal Kino, Flame of the Forest Butea monosperma Diarrhoea, Dysentery, Leucorrhoea, Sexual debility etc.
161. Sambhalu Negundo Vitex negundo  
162. Sana (Mecca Senna) Senna, Tinnevelly Senna Cassia angustifolia  
163. Sandal Safaid Sandal Wood Santalum album  
164. Sapistan (Lasora) Common Sebestens Cordia dichotoma  
165. Saqmonia Scammony Convolvulus scammonia  
166. Sarphuka Purple Tephrosia Tephrosea purpurea  
167. Sarson Mustard Brassica campestris Back pain, Headache, Constipation, Muscular cramp, Rheumatism etc.
168. Satwar Asparagus Asparagus racemous  
169. Sazaj Indian Cassia Lignea Cinnamomum tamala Nees & Eberm  
170. Seb Apple Malus sylvestris  
171. Shahtara Fumitory Fumaria parviflora  
172. Shalgham Turnip Brassica rapa Cough, Diarrhoea, Sexual debility, Sneezing, Stress etc.
173. Shaqaq-ul-Misri Wild Parsnip Pastinaca secacul  
174. Sheetraj Hindi Ceylon Lead Wort Plumbago zeylancia  
175. Sibr Aloe Plant Aloe barbadensis  
176. Singhara Water Chest Nut, Singhara Nut Trapa bispinosa  
177. Sumaq Sumach, Japan Wax Tree Rhus coriaria  
178. Sumbul-ut-Teeb Indian Valerian Nardostachys jatamansi  
179. Suranjan Talkh Colchicum (Bitter) Syn. aleriana jatamansi  
180. Tabasheer Bambu Manna Colchicum luteum Baker  
181. Talmakhana Gorgan Nut Bambusa bambos  
182. Tamar Hindi Tamarind Euryale ferox  
183. Tambol (Paan) Betel Leaf Tamarindus indica  
184. Tarbuz Water Melon Piper beetle  
185. Tudri (Safaid/Surkh/Zard) Wall Flower (White, Red, Yellow) I.   Lepidium iberis
II.  Cheiranthus cheiri
III. Marhiola icana
 
186. Turanj Citron Citrus medica  
187. Turb Radish Raphanus sativus  
188. Turbud Turpeth Operculina turpethum
Silva-Manso
 
189. Unnab Jujube I.   Zizyphus jujuba
II.  Zizyphas sativa
 
190. Usara Rewand Rhubarb, Rheum I.  Rheum emodi
II. Garcinia hanburri
 
 191. Ushba Maghrabi Medican Sarsaparilla Smilax aristolochaefolia Miller  
192. Ustukuddus French Lavender Lavandula stoechas  
193. Waj-e-Turki Sweet Flag Acorous calamus Amenorrhea, Asthma, Sexual debility, Hysteria, Hepatic disorders
194. Zafran Saffron Crocus sativus Cardiotonic, Detergent,
Anti-inflammatory
195. Zanjabeel Ginger Zingiber officianale Carminative, Digestive
196. Zarambad Zedoary I.   Curcuma zedoaria
II.  Zingiber zerumber
Stimulant, Carminative,
Expectorant, Demulcent,
Diuretic
197. Zar-e-Ward Rose Rosa alba Astringent
198. Zarishk Barberry Berberis aristata Anemia, Gastritis, Hepatitis, Malaria, Anti-inflammatory,
Astringent, Refrigerant,
Carminative, Appetizer
199. Zeera Safaid Caraway Cuminum cyminum Carminative, Digestive,
Amenogoggue
200. Zeera Siyah Black Caraway Carum carvi Digestive, Carminative,
Amenogoggue